Dog Breeds

Hokkaido: Dog Breed Characteristics & Care

Hokkaido dog is one of the six native japanese spitz breeds  breed of dog that originated in Japan. It is also known as the Japanese Spitz breed and was originally bred to herd livestock. Today, hokkaido dog is considered one of the most popular dog breeds in the world. This breed is characterized by its large size, snow-white coat, floppy ears, and jovial temperament.

In this post, we will cover hokkaido dog’s characteristics, care, diet, and training. We will also discuss some common health problems that hokkaido dog may face and how to address them.

History of the Hokkaido Dog

The dog known as the ‘Hokkaido Dog’ is a medium-sized breed of dog with a coat of fur that is thick and fluffy. It has large, floppy ears and a fox-like face. The hokkaido puppies are purebred, known for its inborn ability to withstand cold weather. This innate trait has made it popular in hokkaido, Japan, where it can be found in various forms.

The hokkaido dog’s coat may be any color but commonly consists of black or sesame, with white markings on its chest, tail, legs, and muzzle. It also has a distinctive fox-like appearance with small eyes. The hokkaido dog is intelligent and loyal but requires regular exercise and play to stay healthy and happy. It makes an excellent family dog and is capable of responding to verbal commands. It can be trained to watch out for intruders and alert its owners in case of danger.

The hokkaido dog is naturally good at protecting its family from harm. However, it should be kept under constant supervision in case it starts barking or chasing strangers. It is known as Hokkaido-ken among the Japanese people.

Appearance of Hokkaido Dog

– The Hokkaido Ken dog is a small-sized dog with black fur and floppy ears. It is characterized by its sturdy frame and active nature. It loves to play and run around, and requires plenty of exercise, preferably outdoors. This breed needs to be groomed regularly to keep its outer coat in perfect shape, but it can also be bathed at least once a month to keep it clean and healthy.

– Hokkaido dogs are excellent watchdogs and make great family pets. They are affectionate, loyal, intelligent and adaptable, making them an ideal choice for people looking for a dog with these traits. However, they do have some health concerns, so it is important to provide them with proper care and attention.

– The Hokkaido dog is small in size but sturdy in build. It has a cheerful personality and makes an excellent companion for people looking for a dog that would fit the bill as their best friend. It is intelligent enough to learn tricks quickly, so it can be taught how to perform various commands easily. Besides, it makes an excellent watch dog because of its tenacity and vigilance.

General Appearance

The Hokkaido dog is a medium-sized breed that is built for hunting and sledge dog work. This breed has a thick coat of fur that can be either black, brown, or white. The Hokkaido dog is also known for its wrinkled face, which is due to the folds of skin on its forehead.

This breed has a calm and intelligent personality and is often good with children and other animals in the family. This dog breed is easy to get along with and makes a good family dog. In addition to its hunting and working capabilities, the Hokkaido dog is also a loving and loyal companion.

Coat and Coloring

The Hokkaido dog is a medium-sized breed of dog with a thick, furry double coat. The coat of the Hokkaido dog can be any color, including black, brown, gray, white, and red. The breed is often considered to be friendly and calm. It has a soft, floppy coat that makes it ideal for cold weather. The long snout and large ears of the Hokkaido dog give it an endearing appearance.

The coat of the Hokkaido dog can vary in thickness depending on the breed. The average coat length for this breed is around 11–14 inches. These dogs are known for their long snout and large ears that make them look cute and cuddly. They are also friendly and intelligent dogs that make great family pets.

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Character & Temperament of Hokkaido Dog

Hokkaido dogs are known for their gentle and loving personalities. These dogs make great family pets, as they are very obedient and friendly. These dogs also make excellent companions for people with allergies, as they are not prone to shedding or being barky. They are also intelligent and easy to train, making them a great choice for people who want a dog but don’t have time to spend with it.

Because of their devout devotion, bravery, and enormous game hunting skills, the ainu revered them. The livelihood of the bear and deer hunters depended on their famed bear dogs, which were also used for hunting.

Hokkaido dogs require minimal grooming, with most coat types being able to be brushed off easily. However, it is important to brush your Hokkaido dog’s coat regularly to prevent tangles and mats from forming. This breed also doesn’t require much in the way of health care, making them a great choice for people who want a dog but don’t have time or money to spend on it.

Grooming of Hokkaido Dog

Hokkaido dogs have a thick, dense coat that needs regular brushing to keep it looking neat and clean and a rare breed. A Hokkaido dog’s coat is usually black, brown, or red in color, with some individuals having a mixture of these hues. The coat is easy to groom, but it may take more effort than for a dog with a shorter coat to remove dead hair and prevent mats from forming on the undercoat.

To keep the skin healthy and pink, Hokkaido dogs require daily exposure to sunlight and should be walked often. They are adept at surviving in cold weather and can handle summertime heat well as long as they are kept in the shade. In the winter, they should be kept warm and safe from harsh weather. To stay fit and healthy, they need regular exercise and jogging is a great way to do this.

They make loyal companions who can be aggressive towards other animals if they are not socialized properly from an early age.

A Hokkaido dog’s fluff-out face can be irresistible to gentle hands but can also be intimidating in the company of other dogs. A Hokkaido dog’s personality varies greatly depending on its breeding, age, and environment, but it is generally friendly and affectionate toward its owners and family members.

Its large body allows it to carry out activities such as jogging or swimming easily.

Training of Hokkaido Dog

Hokkaido dogs are known for their friendly and social nature. They are a medium-sized breed that is easy to train. They require daily exercise, which can be provided by a regular walk or jog. Hokkaido dogs are prone to some health problems, such as allergies, so it is important to take them to the vet regularly.

Proper socialization should be done or else they can experience separation anxiety. They should be trained well from early stage so that they can be kept around small children.

Exercise of Hokkaido Dog

Hokkaido dogs are bred to be active and have a lot of energy. As a result, they need lots of daily exercise to keep them healthy and happy. This means that hokkaido dogs require at least an hour of vigorous exercise each day. If you can provide your hokkaido dog with this amount of exercise, it will be very happy and content. Hokkaido dogs can be any shape and size, but they are usually lean and muscular. They are also easy to train, so you will not have any problems training them to do what you want them to do.

Hokkaido dogs require weekly baths, brushings, and ear cleanings to keep them clean and healthy. You should also make sure to get them vaccinated against common dog diseases (such as rabies) and to spay or neuter them when they reach a suitable age.

Common Health Problems of Hokkaido Dog

– Ear infections: In Hokkaido, ear problems are common among dogs. The dog’s dense coat allows the ears to get wet more easily, which increases the chances of ear infections.

– Hip dysplasia: This is a common problem in Hokkaido dogs that is caused by the dog’s crossing of the hip joint with the thighbone. This condition can result in a hunchback or a hind leg that turns inward, causing pain and limiting movement.

– Deafness: Hokkaido dogs are often deaf due to their thick fur coats and low noise levels in their environment. This is a result of living in a snowy climate, where loud noises may not be a part of their daily lives.

– Thyroid problems: Due to the dog’s dry environment and diet that consists mainly of meat, it is susceptible to thyroid problems. These conditions can cause difficulty regulating body temperature and an inability to metabolize food quickly enough to keep up with its body’s demands.

Hokkaido dogs are intelligent and loving dogs that make good family companions. However, they do have some health issues that need attention when they’re younger or older.

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Collie Eye Anomaly

Collie Eye Anomaly is a condition in which the eyes do not form properly during development. Exposure to certain toxins or chemicals in the womb, such as pesticides or medications, can cause this condition. If left untreated, Collie Eye Anomaly may cause blindness in some cases.

Collies are commonly affected by this condition and it is important to seek veterinary care if your dog develops symptoms. Regular eye examinations are recommended to detect early signs of the disorder and ensure that your dog receives the treatment necessary to prevent further damage to their vision. In some cases, surgery may be required to remove excess tissue from the eye socket or remove the lenses of the eyes to reduce pressure in the eyes or improve vision.

Hip & Elbow Dysplasia

Hip and elbow dysplasia is a common hereditary condition in the dog that can lead to pain, difficulty moving, and even disability in older dogs. Dogs with hip dysplasia commonly have abnormal wear in the joint cartilage, leading to abnormal bone growth. This can cause the dog pain when they move their hips or when they try to extend their joints.

In addition to hip dysplasia, dogs with elbow dysplasia may have abnormal wear in the joint capsule or elsewhere in the elbow. This may lead to over-extension of the joint, causing pain and instability during movement.

The treatment for these diseases typically involves surgery and extensive rehabilitation efforts on behalf of the dog’s owner. It’s important for veterinarians to monitor dogs with hip dysplasia and elbow dysplasia regularly to ensure that they are receiving appropriate care and treatment.

Distinctive Physical Traits

Hokkaido dogs are known for their distinctive physical traits, including their thick coat and floppy tails. They are also known for their strong constitution and low-maintenance behavior. Adoption from breeders or rescue organizations can help you breed from a pure breed dog or rescue a dog in need. However, it is important to continue providing your dog with the proper care and care to help them stay healthy in the long-term.

One common health problem of Hokkaido dogs is allergies, which can be caused by hair products and other household items that your dog may come into contact with. Heart disease is also a serious concern among this breed, as they are prone to developing some types of heart disease, such as cardiomyopathy, dilated cardiomyopathy, and arrhythmia.

Obesity is another health problem that Hokkaido dogs face in today’s modern world. By providing your dog with a balanced diet and regular exercise, you can help them stay healthy and fit throughout their lifespan.

Diet and Nutrition of Hokkaido Dog

Hokkaido dogs are meat-eaters, so they need a high-quality diet that includes plenty of meat. Common foods include dog snacks, chicken, lamb, fish, and other proteins. However, they can also be fed kibble or dog food if you prefer.

An important part of feeding your Hokkaido dog is ensuring it gets adequate nutrients and vitamins. The best options are fresh vegetables, fruits, and healthy fats such as olive oil and coconut oil.

Hokkaido dogs are well-suited for colder climates as they can tolerate colder temperatures better than other dog breeds. To keep your dog healthy and happy, you should provide it with regular exercise. This will help it stay fit and healthy.

Where to Adopt or Buy a Hokkaido Dog

– Hokkaido dogs are considered to be one of the most intelligent dog breeds in the world. They are intelligent, playful, and energetic. These dogs require a fair amount of exercise and should be given plenty of active playtime in accordance with their breed’s needs.

– Hokkaido dogs have a high level of energy and athletic ability, making them ideal for dog sports such as agility and tracking. However, they are prone to allergies, so it is important to keep them away from cats and other animals with allergies.

– Proper grooming is essential for hokkaido dogs. Their hair should be groomed regularly to prevent tangled knots and excess undercoat from forming. The hair around the dog’s eyes should also be groomed regularly as this area can become skin irritation if not cleaned properly.

– Hokkaido dogs are loyal companions who are easy to train but tend to be stubborn at times. It’s important to provide them with positive reinforcement in the form of treats and toys when training them.

They make excellent watchdogs due to their intelligence and athleticism, so they can help prevent intruders from entering your property or yard.

Hokkaido Dog Pros & Cons

Hokkaido dogs are known for their friendly and jolly personalities. The breed is easy to train, making it a good choice for those who prefer dog training. These dogs make great family pets, as they are well-tempered, intelligent, and easy to care for. However, Hokkaido dogs are susceptible to a few health issues, such as hip dysplasia and eye issues.

They require regular exercise and should be kept on a leash when outside. Additionally, people living in cold climates should consider this breed as it does well in most climates. Overall, Hokkaido dogs are a wonderful breed with lots of positive traits.

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is the best dog food for Hokkaido dogs?

There are a few dog foods that are recommended for Hokkaido dogs. The best dog food for hokkaido dogs is a wet food diet. Wet dog food diets are the most beneficial for hokkaido dogs because they help to maintain their coat and keep them hydrated. Some of the best wet dog foods for hokkaido dogs include canned dog food, kibble, and rawhide chews.

Make sure to give your hokkaido dog enough water, exercise, and mental stimulation. Additionally, make sure to consult with a vet before giving your hokkaido dog any new food or supplements.

What ingredients should I look for in a good dog food for Hokkaido dogs?

For a good dog food for Hokkaido dogs, make sure to include ingredients like lamb, salmon, and potatoes in the mix. Some good brands to consider feeding your dog include Orijen, Rachael Ray Nutrish, and Zuke’s.

Which are the healthiest foods to feed my Hokkaido dog?

When it comes to feeding your Hokkaido dog, it is important to provide a balanced diet that includes plenty of fresh water and quality dog food. Some of the best foods to feed your Hokkaido dog include fresh fruits and vegetables, chicken, and fish. It is also important to keep an eye on your Hokkaido’s weight and adjust the amount of food given accordingly. Additionally, it is important to clean and trim your Hokkaido’s fur so that it doesn’t get matted.

How much exercise does my Hokkaido need per day, and how can I make sure he/she gets enough of it?

Hokkaido dogs need about an hour of exercise each day. This can be done in a variety of ways, such as taking him for a walk, running with him, or playing fetch with him outdoors. Make sure to provide adequate shelter and food for your Hokkaido during cold weather.

How does Hokkaido dog differ from other kinds of dogs?

Compared to other kinds of dog breeds, hokkaido dogs are characterized by their curly fur. They’re also considered to be friendly and easy to get along with, although some dog owners may note that hokkaido dogs can be rowdy at times.

Additionally, hokkaido dogs require a lot of exercise- ideally, they should be taken on long walks or runs every day. They’re also susceptible to some health problems like hip dysplasia and allergies, so it’s important for hokkaido dog owners to take care of their pets by making regular visits to a veterinarian.

Is it better to get a male or female Hokkaido dog as pets?

Generally, it is better to get a male Hokkaido dog as a pet. Male dogs are typically more active and playful than female dogs, and they can be more reliable when it comes to protection and hunting duties. Female Hokkaido dogs are typically more gentle and docile than male dogs, and they may not be as energetic in comparison. Additionally, there are a variety of different types of Hokkaido dog breeds, so it is important to research which one is the best fit for your lifestyle and personality.

Are there any disadvantages to owning a Hokkaido dog?

There are no specific disadvantages to owning a Hokkaido dog, but they may require some extra care. This means that you will need to brush their fur regularly and make sure they have enough exercise. In addition, Hokkaido dogs are also susceptible to allergies and should be kept indoors when the weather is inclement.

What is the most important thing you should know about owning and raising a Hokkaido dog?

One of the most important things you should know about owning and raising a Hokkaido dog is that they are medium to large sized dogs and can be described as “furries without the tails”. They are also known for their thick coats of fur, which can be a bit difficult to care for. Hokkaido dogs need a lot of exercise, and should be taken on long walks at least once a day. They are also very social animals and enjoy being around people and other animals.

Are Hokkaido dogs rare?

Hokkaido dogs are not particularly rare, but they are certainly unique. These dogs come from the northwestern Japanese island of Hokkaido, and their fluffy coats and friendly personalities make them popular with dog owners everywhere. Some common Hokkaido dog breeds include the Japanese Spitz, the Hokkaido Inu, and the Hokkaido Shiba Inu.

What are the three Japanese dog breeds?

The three Japanese dog breeds are the Akita, Shiba Inu, and Hokkaido Dog.

All three Japanese dog breeds are known for their intelligence and loyalty. Akitas are typically the tallest of the three Japanese dog breeds, and they have a moderate to high shedding rate. Shiba Inu are the smallest of the three Japanese dog breeds, and they have a low to moderate shedding rate. Hokkaido Dogs are the most versatile of the three Japanese dog breeds, and they have a low to moderate barking rate.


If you are looking for a dog that is friendly, loyal, and intelligent, the Hokkaido dog may be the perfect breed for you. These dogs require a lot of exercise and socialization to keep them happy and healthy, but they are definitely worth it in the end.

Although the Hokkaido dog is of mixed breed origin, it has developed into a breed in its own right. This is because of the resilient nature and their ability to adapt to change. It has long been said that they are alert, intelligent, and energetic companions who love people and other dogs.

They are also said to be good with children and even livestock. Further, they are considered a family-friendly breed, as they get along well with people and other pets in the home. If you’re looking for a dog breed that’s loyal, affectionate, intelligent, and most importantly loving, we highly recommend you consider adopting one! To learn more about the Hokkaido dog breed and how you can adopt one today, click here.

Martha Jacobson

Associate veterinarian with 7+ years of experience. Specialist in companion animal emergency and critical care. Seeking to leverage my skills to contribute to high quality animal medical care because of my commitment to animal welfare and support, I aim to reduce animal suffering, strengthen the bond between people and their pets, and make the world a better place.

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