Dog Breeds

Japanese Tosa: Dog Breed Characteristics & Care

Japanese TOSA, also known as the Nihon-Tosa in Japan, is a breed of dog in the Spitz type. They are native to Honshū in Japan. The breed was developed to bark at intruders in their kennel to warn the owners of an attack.

They have a unique vocalization that warns of danger in their kennel, and hence were named. They are best suited to kennel living due to their quiet nature. Japanese TOSAs are active indoors and enjoy being around people most of all. They require regular walks to keep them mentally and physically stimulated and should be socialized with other animals to boost their confidence. In case you cannot adopt one from a rescue organization or animal welfare group, you can do so through breeders or breed clubs.

Japanese Tosa is a breed of dog that originated in Japan. It is a type of Shiba Inu, a dog known for its intelligence, alertness, and independence.

Japanese Tosa are loyal and gentle dogs that are great for family life. They require regular exercise and training to be properly behaved. Japanese TOSAs love playing fetch and will be excited when you bring out the ball or toy. They have a high energy level and need to be taken on long walks to keep them stimulated and happy.

Despite their active nature, they are great watchdogs and will bark to alert you to any activity in the area.

They do well in most climates but do not handle hot weather well. They should not be left in cars in the sun for extended durations. Their coats can vary in length, color, and texture, but they are known for their sleek appearance with weather-tight bodies and large ears positioned on their shoulders.

These dogs have an average lifespan of 10 to 14 years.

History of the Japanese Tosa

The Japanese dog breed Tosa, originating from Japan (土佐, also called the tosa-ken and japanese mastiff). Considered to be one of the most versatile breeds in the world, the Japanese Tosa excels at a variety of activities, including hunting and herding. The dog is an intelligent and loyal companion, but can be difficult to housebreak. This is due to its strong desire to hunt and herd, two traits this dog was bred to possess. This is the only breed used in dog fighting at present. Ownership for dog fighting is restricted in some countries like Australia, Ireland, United Kingdom (England), New Zealand, Denmark, etc.

The Japanese Tosa is a healthy breed that requires little in the way of care. It has a lifespan of 10 to 14 years, which is slightly longer than other breeds. However, the dog’s large size can make it vulnerable to health problems, such as bone cancer or hip dysplasia. It is the only breed still used (legally) in japanese dogfighting, having been bred in tosa, shikoku (present day kōchi) as a fighting dog.

Crosses with the kochi (a local Japanese breed), native shikoku fighting dogs, and western breeds such as the german pointer, mastiff, great dane, and st. Bernard were used to develop it from 1868 to 1912. The bull terrier and Bernard are friends.

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As a result, outside of Japan, the Tosa dog breed is quite uncommon. The Kennel Club has yet to recognize him, although the United Kennel Club formally recognized him in 1998 as a guardian dog breed. The Tosa was then classified as a Working Breed Group by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 2010.

In general, the Japanese Tosa is an intelligent and loyal dog that can be difficult to train. It requires patience and consistency in training to develop a strong bond with its owner. Keep in mind that the dog may be more challenging to housebreak than other breeds.

Appearance of Japanese Tosa

Japanese Tosa is a dog with a fox-like appearance. It has a silky coat of hair and a snout that juts out in a characteristic fashion. Its face is also characterized by large, round ears and a muzzle that is longer than its nose. Its legs are comparatively short in comparison to its body, and it has powerful hindquarters. Japanese Tosas have eyes that are oval in shape, and they have prominent white sclera as well as black pupils. The mouth of the dog is wide and its teeth are sharp. It has a deep chest and its neck is muscular. Its body is slender in the middle with broad shoulders and thighs.

The coat is usually red, brindle, or fawn in color, but it may also be dull black in appearance. It has a short and smooth look about it.

It is around 24 inches in height, weights around 80-200 pounds with a large height.

Japanese tosa dogs are very active and love to play outdoors. These dogs thrive on attention and affection from their owners, making them great companions for people with busy lifestyles. They can be trained to obedience, but require consistent training to develop good manners.

Overall, Japanese tosa dogs make great family pets that provide loads of smiles and laughter to their owners every day!

Character & Temperament of Japanese Tosa

– The Japanese TOSA is a loyal and gentle dog breed. These dogs are intelligent and have a quick wit. They are active and playful dogs that enjoy playing outdoors. This breed requires a lot of exercise, but they are also good at taking walks. To keep their coats in great shape, these dogs need to be groomed regularly. In terms of personality, Japanese TOSA are outgoing and easy to train. They’re affectionate with their families, but can be protective of their property and toys.

– These dogs require daily grooming to maintain their coat and keep them looking their best. Their hair needs to be brushed often to prevent dirt buildup and to ensure that the dog’s hair is nice and shiny. Additionally, tousers should be examined for signs of injury or infection on a regular basis to prevent problems from developing.

The Japanese TOSA has exceptional obedience skills and makes a great family companion. However, they do have some health issues to consider, including hip dysplasia, eye problems, and seizures.

Grooming of Japanese Tosa

Japanese Tosa dogs require a high level of grooming to maintain their appearance and health. Weekly brushing, drying and combing are necessary to keep their coats in top condition. They also need to be exercised regularly to prevent them from becoming lazy and inactive. Japanese Tosa dogs need to be vaccinated for both rabies and distemper, as well as other common dog diseases. Proper nutrition is essential to maintain a healthy weight and avoid developing health problems down the line.

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Training of Japanese Tosa

Japanese Tosa are a breed of dog known for their great intelligence, tenacity, and athleticism. They’re also known for being very vocal and extremely loyal to their owners. They’re generally friendly to people but can be protective of their territory. It is essential to provide your Japanese Tosa with the right amount of stimulation and exercise to keep them happy and healthy.

Japanese Tosas are genetically inclined to be high-energy dogs and need to be challenged in various ways to keep them mentally stimulated. They require regular walks or runs, play sessions in the yard, and activities that keep them busy on a daily basis. If you have a Japanese Tosa, it’s vital to brush its coat regularly to ensure that it’s free of tangles and mats. You should also consider brushing its teeth twice a week to prevent potential dental health issues in the future.

Exercise of Japanese Tosa

Japanese tosa dogs are known to have a high energy level and need to be exercised regularly to stay healthy and happy. They are known to enjoy playing games such as fetch and tug of war, which helps to keep them occupied and in good health.

Japanese tosa dogs also have a tendency to be susceptible to certain health problems if they aren’t regularly exercised. They should be taken for walks or jogs at least twice a day, preferably in a large open space. Grooming is also essential to keep Japanese tosa looking their best, with regular brushing to remove any tangles and grooming to ensure the dog’s coat is free of any debris or mats. In addition, it is vital to ensure the dog gets proper food and water intake as well as daily enrichment activities such as toys and games to keep them active and healthy.

Common Health Problems of Japanese Tosa

Japanese Tosa are known to be one of the most intelligent breeds in the world. However, they are prone to health problems such as hip dysplasia and seizures. Japanese Tosa are also susceptible to allergies and skin conditions. To keep them healthy and clean, you must provide them with a proper diet, exercise, and good grooming. Japanese Tosas require daily brushing to remove dead hair and trimming to prevent long hair from becoming tangled or matted. You must train Japanese Tosas from a young age to properly behave and interact with people. Overall, Japanese Tosa require extensive grooming to maintain their clean appearance and healthy demeanor.

Diet and Nutrition of Japanese Tosa

Japanese Tosa are a very high-energy breed. This means they require a lot of exercise to stay happy and healthy. They love to play outdoors but must be given regular walks to keep them in good shape. They also enjoy swimming, hunting, and playing in the snow, so activities like these should be incorporated in their daily routine.

To keep your Japanese Tosa happy and healthy, it is vital that its diet consists of a well-balanced mix of dog food, fresh vegetables and fruits, vitamins, and minerals. It is essential to brush your Japanese Tsa’s coat regularly to prevent tangles and mats from forming. Japanese Tosa need to be groomed on a regular basis to keep their hair clean and free from mats. These dogs should not be allowed to swim in cold water or expose themselves to direct sunlight for long periods of time.

Where to Adopt or Buy a Japanese Tosa

Japanese Tosa Dogs are a high-energy breed that needs plenty of exercise. Japanese Tosa Dogs should be groomed regularly to keep their hair trimmed to avoid mats and tangles. This breed requires extensive obedience training to become well-behaved in the house. They are also prone to dog allergies, so they need to be given medication to manage the condition.

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Japanese TOSAs are known to be aggressive with other animals and should not be mixed with other breeds of dogs. As per breed standards, they weigh between 18 and 26 kg and should stand at the shoulders.


You can adopt or buy a Japanese Tosa from a dog breeder or a reputable kennel. Additionally, you can find them in animal shelters, as they are often surrendered due to temperament issues or health problems.

Japanese Tosa Pros & Cons

Japanese Tosa dogs are one of the most intelligent dog breeds. This breed is known for its gentle nature and great ability to interact well with people and other animals. This makes them great family dogs.

Japanese TOSAs require a lot of exercise and need to be kept in a fenced-in area if they are not kept indoors. This breed is also prone to ear infections, allergies, and skin problems, so you should check their health regularly.

Housetraining Japanese Tosa can be difficult, so professional training may be needed to use them as police or guard dogs. Additionally, these dogs are prone to getting ear infections, allergies, and hip dysplasia. You should always monitor these health issues closely to ensure the health of your dog.

Japanese Tosa Breed Conclusion

The Japanese Tosa dog is a loyal and loving breed known for its fierce protective nature. This breed is athletic, intelligent, and easy to train. These dogs need plenty of daily exercise and should be kept in a yard with plenty of room to run. Japanese Tosa dogs are noisy and high-energy but make excellent family pets. They require regular grooming, bathing, and clipping of their hair to keep clean and healthy looking. As with any breed, regular veterinary care is necessary to avoid health problems and to ensure the dog’s optimal well-being.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is the Tosa Inu a good family and guard dog?

Yes, the Tosa Inu is a great family and guard dog. It is loyal and protective, known for its bravery and intelligence, and needs regular exercise to stay in shape. Additionally, the Tosa Inu needs plenty of chew toys to keep it entertained, as it loves to chew on things!

What is tosa inu life expectancy

The average lifespan of a Japanese Tosa is 10-12 years. Japanese Tosa dogs are considered to be one of the best working dog breeds. They are very active and need plenty of exercise. Japanese Tosa dogs are usually easy to train. They are known to be loyal and affectionate.

Why are Japanese Tosa banned?

Here is a list of some of the reasons why Japanese Tosa are banned in many countries:

– They are considered to be dangerous.

– They are known to attack people, animals, and other Japanese Tosa.

– They have been known to cause injuries to people, including bites and scratches.

What is Japanese Tosa price

At this time, we are unable to provide you with the Japanese Tosa price. Sorry for any inconvenience.

Is Japanese Tosa good with children?

There is no definitive answer to this question as Japanese Tosa dogs can be quite unpredictable with children. Some people believe that Japanese Tosa are good with children because of their protective nature, while others say that they are not the best choice for families with small children. Ultimately, it is up to the parents to decide whether or not they feel comfortable having a Japanese Tosa dog in their home.


Japanese Tosa are great companion dogs, and they’re very adaptable to new environments. They’re affectionate, playful, and intelligent. With regular exercise and socialization, your Japanese Tosa will love to be around people as much as they love to be around other dogs. If you’re looking for a breed that’s unique in looks and personality, then consider adopting a Japanese Tosa! Determining if a breed is a good fit for you and your family is the first step to keeping them healthy and happy. Read more about the breed here:

Martha Jacobson

Associate veterinarian with 7+ years of experience. Specialist in companion animal emergency and critical care. Seeking to leverage my skills to contribute to high quality animal medical care because of my commitment to animal welfare and support, I aim to reduce animal suffering, strengthen the bond between people and their pets, and make the world a better place.

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